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CQ Events

Speaker Videos

Audio or video recordings of CQ's At the Centre Speaker Series are available for most seminars since the Centre's launch in 2009. Below is a list of seminars for which recordings are available. For a list of seminars in CQ's Speaker series that do not have associated videos, please visit the full Speaker Archive

The below list begins with the most recent seminar.

 

Focus Groups or discussion groups: Providing insights into the experience of participants and researchers in health services research

 
Date: April 25, 2017 
Speaker: Azucena Pedraz-Marcos, RN, MSc, PhD, Sección Departamental de Enfermería, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

 

Abstract: Focus groups have provided insights into a huge variety of research questions from different disciplines, being widely used in health services research. Focus groups are the technique that dominates the field in the English-written scientific literature, but there are different approaches to data collection in groups in terms of style of the moderator, presentation of questions/topics, and the way data are analysed (Barbour, 2007). In this presentation, I will briefly introduce a series of group techniques utilized in qualitative research to later focus on discussion groups, following Ibañez and the Madrid School of Social Theory. The discussion group is a qualitative technique that aims at reproducing in a micro-social scale what would be the macro-social situation, through the interaction of its participants in order to enable the generation of discourses/texts, which analyzed, identify and organize the social meaning of a specific field or theme (Pedraz, 2014). Based on my research about midwives´ experiences dealing with late stillbirth delivery, my presentation will address some of the features of planning and setting up discussion groups:  group composition, number and size of groups, sampling frames, decisions about the room, the moderator, the recording, transcribing and running group discussions.
 
Video , Slides 
 

Taking the long view: Theoretical, ethical and practical matters related to the sharing, archiving and secondary analysis of qualitative data

 
Date: April 19, 2017 
Speakers:
Catherine Dodds, University of Glascow, UK  
Peter Keogh, Open University, UK 
 
Abstract: This talk will describe how (and why) a network of social scientists working on HIV in the UK shared and re-examined a diverse range of qualitative datasets. The work took place within the context of the re-purposing of anti-retroviral medications for HIV (ARVs) – from playing a key role in the treatment of HIV to having an increasing role in its prevention. We were interested in the social and biomedical landscape in which these changes have taken place, and started out by reviewing and analysing a sample of transcripts from 15 qualitative UK studies undertaken across our research network with key populations at different phases of ARV implementation (1996-2013). This reanalysis of underused datasets enabled us to take the long view, while also unifying these datasets for the first time by applying common theoretical and methodological approaches.  While offering some insight into emergent thematic findings of the study, the talk will focus mainly on the processes and procedures used and developed for this project, reflecting on some of the challenges and benefits that they presented. We also will take time to discuss a range of theoretical, ethical and practical matters related to the sharing, re-use and archiving of qualitative data. 

Video , Slides

The good, the bad and the ugly: Publishing critical qualitative health research in the health sciences and social work 

Date: December 7, 2016
Speakers
Joan Eakin, PhD, Professor Emerita, Dalla Lana School of Public Health
Eric Mykhalovskiy, PhD, Professor, Department of Sociology, York University
Rupaleem Bhuyan, Associate Professor, Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto
Abstract: This panel will explore issues that currently shape the publication of critical qualitative health research articles. The three presenters will consider publishing from the perspective of authors, peer-reviewers, and editors. They will deliver short presentations which will be followed by a 45-minute debate with the audience to collectively discuss challenges and strategies for publishing in social work and health sciences.
 
Video 
 

Navigating the waters: Moving from field text to research text in Narrative Inquiry

Date: November 16, 2016 
Speaker: Louela Manankil-Rankin, RN, BScN, MA, MSc, PhD, Assistant Professor with Nipissing University Scholar Practitioner Program
Abstract: Narrative Inquiry is a research methodology that explores the situated lives of people through reflection and reconstruction of experience, using stories as the foundational basis for such an understanding. While there are a variety of ways to analyze narratives, this presentation addresses the particularities in data analysis using Clandinin & Connelly’s (2000) Narrative Inquiry. Retelling the process of my inquiry of how nurses’ experience living their values amidst organizational change with a focus on the analytic and interpretive processes involved, I address my reflective movements throughout my research journey, highlighting my research process from field text to research text and making explicit how analysis and interpretation are reformulated through their different phases. The presentation includes a discussion of challenges I encounter using this approach - for example, how the three-dimensional inquiry space shifts in analytical position at different points in the inquiry process and how an inquirer embodies the experience of her co-participants in the analytic journey - and strategies I have employed to address these.

Video

Critical Indigenous qualitative research: What is it and what are its methodological implications?

 
Date: April 14, 2016
Speaker: Earl Nowgesic, RN, PhD, Member (Ojibwe) of the Gull Bay First Nation; Assistant Professor, Social and Behavioural Health Sciences Division, Dalla Lana School of Public Health (DLSPH), University of Toronto (U of T); and Interim Director, Waakebiness-Bryce Institute for Indigenous Health, DLSPH, U of T.
Abstract: In this session, I explore critical Indigenous qualitative research – an approach influenced by a critical social paradigm (CSP) and an Indigenous research paradigm (IRP). A CSP has an idealist ontology that is based upon historical realism, and a subjectivist/transactional epistemology, where findings are ultimately determined by weighing the values of various people in a particular time and place. Specifically defined by Indigenous cultures, an IRP has both a relational ontology and epistemology and utilizes interpretative research methods that are appropriate to the lived experiences, including the culture, language, and traditional values, of Indigenous peoples. Using my work on the Indigenous Red Ribbon Storytelling Study, I discuss the ways in which I operationalize critical Indigenous qualitative research and employ Indigenous methods including Indigenous sharing circles. The study design, I argue, not only respects the values, beliefs and cultural practices of Indigenous peoples but supports research relevant to Indigenous peoples.
 
Video
 

Mixed-Up Methods

Date: Friday, November 27, 2015
Speakers and abstracts:

Katie Dainty, PhD, Scientist (Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital; Assistant professor, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto), is a "reformed quantitativist" and has conducted several mixed methods research projects in health services and quality improvement.  She will bring a practical perspective to the discussion which focuses on how her work has benefited from leveraging the strengths of both quantitative and qualitative design with the goal of developing a more comprehensive knowledge about the constructs she studies.  Despite the tensions which others will discuss here today, it is possible to find a stance that bridges positivist and social constructivist worldviews and which doesn't require research to be "driven" by one approach or the other.

Aleksandra Zecevic, PhD, Associate Professor (School of Health Studies, Western University), believes that mixing is the nature of being. As humans, we have two sides of brain that perceive reality in distinct by complementary ways. We combine vastness, energetic interconnectedness and focus on present moment of our right brain hemisphere with linearity, focus on details, methodical categorization and separateness from others, of our left brain hemisphere all the time. This mix helps us navigate daily life and solve problems. The pragmatic nature of a research question is at heart of choice which methodology to use to answer it.

Joan Eakin, PhD, Professor Emerita (Dalla Lana School of Public Health and Founding Director, Centre for Critical Qualitative Health Research, University of Toronto), will argue that quantitative/positivist and qualitative/interpretivist epistemologies are contradictory. Mixing the two eviscerates the power of each, particularly by supressing ‘value-added’ qualitative analysis and reducing the potential for new conceptual takes on health problems. She suggests how mixed method research might be approached differently by shifting the orientation from ‘positivist qualitative’ logic to one that restores the critical, generative capacity of qualitative inquiry and re-purposes the meaning of numeric data.

Video

"Presenting qualitative research findings effectively: Necessity not normative novelty"

Date: Friday, October 16, 2015
Speaker: A
lexander Clark, RN, PhD, FCAHS, Professor & Associate Dean (Research), Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta
Abstract: Presentations of qualitative research findings at defences, meetings and conference are common, important, but seldom done well.  Drawing on genre-theory, this session examines the nature and distinctiveness of the "qualitative research findings presentation" as a distinctive genre. I will argue that effective presentations are only personally and practically important but also methodologically vital to, in and for qualitative research. Drawing on various fields from neuroscience to rhetoric, common pitfalls in presentations are identified and possible solutions, techniques and innovations proposed to help presenters adapt to their audience, express their personal style and preferences, and create future presentations that soar.

Video (due to techinical difficulties, the last 3-5 minutes of this presentation are missing from the podcast)

Re-embodying qualitative inquiry: Choreographic notes and observations of children with diverse abilities and their movement at school

Date: Monday, October 5, 2015
Speaker:  Coralee McLaren, RN, PhD, Assistant Professor,Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University; Adjunct Scientist, Bloorview Research Institute
Abstract: Recent neuroscientific research has identified important links between movement and children’s learning, radically calling into question traditional models of classroom design. In this presentation, I discuss how a novel theoretical framework and an artistic-scientific methodology disrupted my understanding of diverse bodies, their capacities and their movement at school. Drawing on key Deleuzian concepts and the work of choreographers Erin Manning and William Forsythe, I explore whether choreographic thought resides exclusively in the body, or whether its mechanisms and principles can be used to rethink ways of knowing, develop procedural strategies and mobilize language.  By asking these questions, my aim is to develop a conceptually-derived framework that will inform the design of integrated classrooms and other play-learn environments. I conclude my presentation not with answers but with a set of choreographic notes supporting this goal. 

Video

Rethinking Risk in Critical Qualitative Research: Ethical Implications

Date: March 2, 2015 
Speakers:
Judith Friedland, PhD, Professor Emerita and former chair, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto
Shan Mohammed, RN, PhD, Lecturer, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto; postdoctoral fellow in psychosocial oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
Elizabeth Peter, RN, PhD, Associate Professor, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing; member of the Joint Centre for Bioethics; Academic Fellow with the Centre for Critical Qualitative Health Research, University of Toronto

Abstract: The goal of this session is to explore vulnerability and risk issues in an interactive format such that the ethical concerns of CQ researchers can be examined and ways of mitigating risk can be explored. Throughout the presentation, examples from a study that involved participants with advanced cancer will be used to illustrate ethical challenges in critical qualitative research (CQR).

Standards of research ethics often do not adequately address unique issues relating to the vulnerability of research participants in CQR. There are many groups that have been labelled as vulnerable or ‘at risk’ in research, such as children, the elderly, women, prisoners, those with mental health issues and those with diminished capacity for self-determination, ethnocultural minorities and those who are institutionalized (TCPS2). These groups are commonly participants in CQR given that often one of the foci of this research is on exploring power differences. A rigid response to perceived risk, however, can be paternalistic and can ultimately result in the diminishment of autonomy of these so-called at-risk groups and even to their exclusion.  In addition, the positionality of researchers using CQR approaches is such that they are often physically, politically and socially more proximate to participants than in other forms of research. Ethically this is significant because these researchers can become aware of, or at times may even increase, the vulnerabilities of participants. Conventional principles of research ethics, however, tend to be derived from ethical traditions that emphasize impartiality and universality as opposed to attentiveness and social justice, providing limited guidance for CQ researchers in these situations.

Video

Reflexivity and the “acting subject”: Conceptualizing the unit of analysis in qualitative inquiry

Date: January 27, 2015
Speaker: Jay Shaw, PhD, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-University Health Network
Abstract: Researchers’ theoretical beliefs about the “acting subject” structure the process of qualitative inquiry, building analytic strategies that highlight certain elements of explanation, meaning, and behaviour over others. As such, exploring what a human is and how we go about our daily lives is a fundamental reflexive strategy across qualitative methodologies. In this presentation, I draw on a comparative case study of transitions from hospital to home in London (England) and Toronto (Canada) to elaborate the implications for qualitative inquiry of different beliefs about (a) what drives human action, and (b) how “context” plays a role in everyday practices of living. Contrasting tenets from the practice theory of Pierre Bourdieu, “posthumanist” theory of Bruno Latour, and embodied cognitive theory of George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, I highlight how each theoretical position on the “acting subject” leads to different analytic strategies. I then explain how insights from these perspectives can be reflexively brought together to inform qualitative analysis, tracing them through an example of collaborative practice from our case study of patient transitions from hospital to home.

Video

Discourse analysis: Tracing the emergence of discourse and its materiality

Date: December 11, 2014
Speaker:  Tina Martimianakis, PhD, Education Researcher, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto
Abstract: In this presentation, I combine poststructuralist discourse analysis and lived experience to explore both how a particular discourse operates and its materiality. I used a Foucauldian approach to explore the social relations that maintain the visibility of certain forms of knowledge-production while obscuring others. I have looked at interdisciplinarity as a discursive ‘event,’ tracing in very broad strokes its emergence and its conditions of possibility. This was followed by an analysis of the ‘interdisciplined subject’ in the context of the University of Toronto. At the level of subjectivity, I posited that gender, race, class and other intersections of subject-positions find articulation through negotiations of power about ontological and epistemological issues. It is at the intersection of these negotiations, I have argued, that one can glean not only how a particular discourse operates, but also how it is experienced.

Video

Word of mouth: Articulating text-based work processes in an institutional ethnography of mouth care in the intensive care unit (ICU)

Date: September 25, 2014
Speaker:  Craig Dale, RN, PhD, CNCC(C), Postdoctoral Fellow, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto
Abstract: 
The challenge in institutional ethnography (IE) is to analyze the data in a way that brings the institution into view. I confronted this undertaking in my doctoral research, where I was concerned with two types of ICU nursing work: oral care and documentation. In this presentation I discuss how following a sequence of text-based work processes played a vital role in mapping the social relations of mouth care in the high-tech ICU context. As a source of contagion in critical illness, the mouth is now a sensitive margin between individual and institutional bodies concerned with the potential of local ICU infections having trans-local effects. My analysis argues that textual practices, as authorized methods of knowing and intervening in this matter, have paradoxical implications for patients, clinicians and the institution of health.

Podcast *Due to recording difficulties during the seminar, this audio-only podcast was recorded after the original presentation.

 

Theory in, theory out? Reflections on theory building in a palliative care project

Date: April 15, 2014
Speaker: Mary Ellen Macdonald, PhD, Assistant Professor, Division of Oral Health and Society, Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University
Abstract: 
Ethnography is a ‘theory in, theory out’ methodology: the ethnographer’s research questions and emergent hypotheses are inspired by engagement with social theory. She then goes into the field where she iteratively is both guided by – but also challenging of - her theoretical premises. Coming out at the other end, she exits the field with contributions to both empirical as well as theoretical knowledge. But what happens when we can’t find a theoretical lens to lead us into the field? I recently had this experience doing research in palliative care. While there is lots of anthropological and sociological research on death, dying and bereavement, and also research on parenthood and childhood, the parental experience of losing a child has only been theorized as a psychosocial phenomenon; my quest was to understand it as a sociocultural one. It was out of necessity then that I embarked upon a ‘theory-building’ exercise. In this presentation, I will describe the theoretical hole I found in ‘the literature,’ [with discussion of what we take this phrase to mean] and the challenges that such a hole presents for the empirical researcher. I will also discuss how bringing together relevant theoretical fields with emergent empirical findings allowed my research team to conceptualize a theoretical scaffold which we took back to the data to test and elaborate. Through this process, we were forced to think about how particular disciplines “make” concepts, as well as how these concepts can be un-made and re-made through theoretical engagement.

Video

The Body Published: Increasing Varieties and Diminishing Contrasts in Qualitative Research on Physical Culture and Health

Date: November 19, 2014
Speaker: Michael Atkinson, PhD, Professor, Kinesiology and Physical Education and Editor, Sociology of Sport Journal, University of Toronto
Abstract: 
In this talk, Michael Atkinson draws on fifteen years of Editor/Editorial Board experience, and peer review involvement at both the SSHRC and CIHR, to discuss major substantive themes, theoretical trends and granting preferences in/for qualitative research on moving bodies and physical cultures. More specifically, he examines dominant epistemologies and ontologies in body-based research on physical culture, exercise and sport, with a keen focus on the theoretical and methodological narrowing in the area. Michael outlines the contemporary politics of publishing qualitative research, the strained role of theory and concepts in our work, and the emerging role of the qualitative researcher as a public intellectual.

Video *Due to recording difficulties, this video contains a few very brief breaks

 

Resonant texts and critical dialogue: An arts-informed participatory approach to interrogate cultures, identities, and power relations with young Asian women in Toronto

Date: October 30, 2014
Speaker: Josephine Wong, RN, PhD, Associate Professor, Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University
Abstract: 
Asians are the most rapidly growing racial minority groups in Canada. However there is a dearth of research on the sexualities of young Asian women. Existing literature tends to depict Asian women as “model minority,” or construct them to be “sexually conservative”; these stereotypes dismiss the need for sexual health research on young Asian women. The Cultures, Identities, and Voices (CIV) Study was an exploratory study that focused on how young Asian women make sense of their gender and cultural identities, and how their identity constructions affect their emotional and sexual health. A total of 14 young Asian women aged 18 to 23 took part in a series of three sequential group interviews. The study results demonstrate that research is both a process and an outcome. In this presentation, qualitative researchers will have the opportunity to learn the use of: (1) arts-informed resonant texts as a method to study identity construction; (2) sequential group interviews to facilitate critical reflection and dialogue for change; and (3) peer research associates as a strategy to facilitate collective empowerment in research.

Video

Minding our Words: Practices and Debates Surrounding Open Access and the Preservation and Re-Purposing of Qualitative Data

Date: January 24, 2014

Speakers: Dr. Joan Eakin, Dalla Lana School of Public Health; Dr. Denise Gastaldo, Lawrence Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing; Dr. Brenda Gladstone, Dalla Lana School of Public Health; Dr. Elizabeth Peter, Dalla Lana School of Public Health

Abstract

Video

Linking critical discourse analysis and narrative inquiry: Boundaries, resistance, contradictions and tensions

Date: March 27, 2013
Speaker: Debbie Laliberte Rudman, PhD., Associate Professor & Faculty Scholar, School of Occupational Therapy & Graduate Program in Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University
Abstract: Drawing data from a governmentality-informed study that employed both critical discourse analysis and narrative inquiry to examine the contemporary discursive reconstruction of retirement and retirees, this presentation considers various ways social and individual ‘stories’ addressing subjectivity and conduct can be interpretively linked. For example, such linking can be drawn upon to explore how discourses set boundaries in which individuals shape narratives regarding who they are and how they act in the world, as well as how narratives point to possibilities for resistance to larger socio-political discourses outlining ideal, possible, and healthy ways to be and do. In addition, attention to points of contradictions and tensions within narratives can inform critiques of the ways in which contemporary socio-political discourses informed by neo-liberal rationality neglect inequities shaped by social conditions and fail to include diverse possibilities for ways of being and doing.   

Video

Body-map storytelling as research: Documenting physical, emotional and social health as a journey

Date: September 26, 2012
Speaker: Denise Gastaldo, Associate Professor, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing; Associate Director, Centre for Critical Qualitative Health Research (CQ)
Abstract: 
Dr. Denise Gastaldo will present her work on adapting body mapping techniques used for therapeutic and advocacy purposes and adding new strategies to create a research approach that allows participants to narrate their trajectories and draw themselves among people and in the middle of events, routines, networks that shape their health. This asset-based method assumes participants are knowledgeable and have interest in sharing their stories to increase understanding or promote transformation. The final outcome of the body-map storytelling process is a mapped story composed of 3 elements: a testimonio (a brief story narrated in the first person), a life-size body map, and a key to describe each visual element found on the map. This technique can also help stimulate dialogue and share knowledge with general audiences given that the mapped story brings research participants’ stories to life through combined visual and oral media. As a product, mapped stories offer a creative and potentially visually compelling approach for knowledge translation and exchange. Dr Gastaldo will also present the 50-page manual she has created with colleagues, Lilian Magalhaes, Christine Carrasco and Charity Davis, to explain how they have used body maps in their research.

Video

Brokered Dialogue: A new research method for addressing controversial health and social issues

Jim Lavery, PhD, Centre for Research on Inner City Health and Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital and Joint Centre for Bioethics, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto.

Janet Parsons, PhD, Applied Health Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital and Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto

Video

Qualitative analysis in gay men's health research:  Comparing thematic, critical discourse, and conversation analysis

Jeffrey Aguinaldo, PhD, Department of Sociology, Wilfrid Laurier University

Video

"Think with your senses, feel with your mind" –  A strategy for integrating and analyzing multisensory data in qualitative research

Paula Gardner, PhD, Research Scientist, the Bridgepoint Collaboratory for Research and Innovation

Video

Qualitative synthesis methods: A decision tree for aggregating, integrating and interpreting islands of knowledge

Michael Saini, Assistant Professor, Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto

Video

Critical dramaturgy: A methodology for studying a psychoeducational support group for children of parents with mental illnesses

Brenda M. Gladstone, Ph.D., Researcher in the Community Health Systems Resource Group at SickKids and Adjunct Lecturer, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto

Video

Attending to the ‘active properties’ of texts: Using municipal bylaws as an entry point into trans-biopolitics and the negotiation of urban space

Melanie Rock, Ph.D., University of Calgary; Canadian Institutes for Health Research New Investigator in Societal and Cultural Dimensions of Health; Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions Population Health Investigator, Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research

Video

Synthesising social & discursive histories in qualitative research: methodological challenges

Krista Maxwell, SSHRC postdoctoral fellow, Department of Social Sciences, UTSC

Video

Returning the gaze: ethical-methodological approaches in a study with persons with intellectual disabilities

Dr. Ann Fudge Schormans, Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, McMaster University
Dr. Adrienne Chambon, Professor, Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto

Video

Texts in Their Social Contexts: Including Critical Discourse Analysis in Qualitative Research Projects

Dr. Catherine Schryer, Professor and Chair, School of Professional Communication, Ryerson University

Video

Methodological Conventions in Transition - Shifting the Balance between Theorizing and Application

Dr. Sally Thorne, Professor and Director, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia and Associate Editor, Qualitative Health Research

Video

Doing research reflexively: The case of disability research

Chrissie Rogers,PhD, Reader in Education and Director of Research Degrees in the Faculty of Education, Anglia Ruskin University, UK

Video

UnMasking Power Relations: From Interview Research to Dialogue for Social Change

Blake Poland, Professor, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto
Francisco Cavalcante Jr, Faculty of Education, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil

Video

Other ways of knowing: how does photovoice work?

Lilian Magalhaes, PhD, OT Reg.(Ont.), Associate Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, University of Western Ontario

Video

Can Qualitative Social Science Make it in the Health Research Field?

Mathieu Albert, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Scientist at the Wilson Centre

Video

Arts-based approaches to knowledge translation in health research: Exploring theater and dance

Pia Kontos, PhD., Research Scientist at Toronto Rehabilitation Institute and Assistant Professor in the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto

Katherine Boydell, PhD., Sociologist and Scientist in Population Health Sciences at The Hospital for Sick Children and Department of Psychiatry and the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto

Video


 

AttachmentSize
CQ talk PP slides- Dodds, Keogh.pdf865.19 KB
CQ Talk_April25,2017_Azucena Pedraz-Marcos.pdf1.34 MB